US Blocks Chinese Companies Over Xinjiang Human Rights Abuses

On Octo­ber 8, the U.S. Com­merce Depart­ment Bureau of Indus­try and Secu­ri­ty imposed export con­trols on 28 Chi­nese enti­ties due to their alleged involve­ment in anti-minor­i­ty human rights abus­es tak­ing place in Xin­jiang, a nom­i­nal­ly autonomous region of Chi­na. The enti­ties are com­prised of 20 local gov­ern­ment enti­ties, as well as eight com­pa­nies: Dahua Tech­nol­o­gy, Hikvi­sion, IFLYTEK, Megvii Tech­nol­o­gy, Sense Time, Xia­men Meiya Pico Infor­ma­tion Co., Ltd., Yitu Tech­nolo­gies, and Yix­in Sci­ence and Tech­nol­o­gy Ltd.  U.S. exporters will now be required to obtain licens­es before they can do busi­ness with these enti­ties. While the Chi­nese For­eign Min­istry crit­i­cized the deci­sion, it said that trade talks sched­uled for Octo­ber 10 and 11 in Wash­ing­ton would still go ahead.  The list­ing marks an impor­tant turn­ing point in U.S. pres­sure tac­tics and pol­i­cy respons­es, intro­duc­ing human rights con­cerns more promi­nent­ly as a jus­ti­fied ratio­nale for tar­get­ing Chi­nese com­pa­nies, includ­ing those in the tech­nol­o­gy sec­tor.